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Caraway Seed

Information for Caraway Seed

Caraway is a biennial plant which is used as an herb or vegetable. It comes from the Apiaceae family and is scientifically called Carum carvi. Caraway is native to some parts of Asia, Africa, and Europe. Usually, Caraway plants thrive in tropical climates with well-drained fertile soils.

The Caraway plant features distinctive feathery leaves coupled with tiny pink or white flowers. It produces semi-circular shaped Caraway Seeds (properly called fruits) sporting five waxen ridges. When used whole, the Caraway Seeds showcase a strong flavor and aroma that closely resemble Anise (see page on "Anise").

Caraway Seeds are used as a spice and seasoning in salads, breads, puddings, casseroles, desserts, cheeses, and even liquors. They are prominently used in European cuisine wherein the most well-known British confection, the Caraway Seed Cake, holds this pungent ingredient. Caraway seeds are also added to the German Sauerkraut. The Caraway plant's roots may be cooked in the same vein as carrots and parsnips.

In addition, Caraway fruits are often extracted to generate an element of fragrance to perfumes, lotions, and soaps. On top of it all, the plant is used as a cover crop that helps in concealing other plants from pests while managing soil quality and biodiversity.

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